After reflection, I think we geeks should get fully behind Google OS. Not for us, of course, but for everyone else. All those people that need our help just to keep a Windows-based computer running could benefit from a much simpler computing experience. More to the point, our time would be dramatically saved if all the non-geeks used a cloud-based, automatically backup up, never-lose data, no viruses, no complexity, always connected device.
So it’s down to us. If we can pour the passion that we usually reserve for OS arguments into comvincing non-geeks why everything *they* need can be done online, and that old-fashioned computers were always rubbish at games anyway, maybe, just maybe, we can see our way forward to a windows-free world, where we save so much time NOT fixing our friends and relations computers, that we actually have time to work on cool technologies at home.
After all, we geeks can still use our computers when they are not online. Can you?
The IOMEGA Clik!/PocketZip PC Card Drive under Linux
What is the PC Card PocketZip Drive?Â
It’s a 40M removable media drive in the shape of a PCMCIA type II
card.Â For more information check out
IOMEGA’s web site, even
though they say it isn’t supported under Linux. Note to readers from
iomega: you are perfectly welcome to contact me. It has recently been renamed
to PocketZip, and the price dropped to $99.
Iomega seem to have made a small change in their recent clik
drives which requires a small modification to the driver. If your new clik
drive is not recognised, even though the ide-floppy driver is running you need
to make the following change:
Find the line that says:
if strcmp(drive->id->model, "IOMEGA Clik! 40 CZ ATAPI") == 0)
and change it to
if strncmp(drive->id->model, "IOMEGA Clik", 11) == 0)
This should fix the problem.
Clik! and iPaq.
Ross Reedstrom sent me this cool picture of his PocketZip drive working
in his Compaq iPaq running Linux. Apparently he did have to make a hardware
modification to the sleeve, but the driver “just worked”. However, unlike
laptops, the power supply of the iPaq does notice the drain of the clik!
Since kernel 2.2.18 I have been the official ide-floppy maintainer and
clik support has been included. If the procedures on this page work for you,
please send me an email. If they
don’t work, REALLY send me an email.
I have created a site at sourceforge for
bug reports etc. Feel free to drop things in there or just email me directly.
So how do I make it work under Linux?
First of all, you need to be running with
kernel version 2.2.14 or later. Even
this isn’t enough for the drive to just work as there are some functions (like
eject lock) that simply didn’t fit into a drive only 5mm thick. Then
follow the steps below:
Choose the version of ide-floppy to match your kernel.
Download the ide-floppy.c file (if you take the patch you can work it
out) and copy it to your /usr/src/linux/drivers/block directory.
Recompile the kernel including the
option to enable IDE Floppy devices to run as a module. Doing it
as a module saves the memory when you don’t hves the memory when you don’t have
the card inserted.
To make life easier and to make it possible to exchange files with PCs
running other OS’s make sure you have VFAT support enabled in the kernel
Use your favourite kernel recompilation method.
To compile the driver type
make modules ; make modules_install
If neccessary, reboot
Make sure the PCMCIA card services package is running.
Go to a virtual console screen (i.e. not X, you can leave X running)
Insert the Clik! PC Card, with a disk inside it.
You should see
ide1 at 0x180-0x187, 0x386 on irq 15 hdc: hdc4
This is great! Now you just need to make a mount point and mount
the disk. Notice that just like ZIP disks, IOMEGA use partion 4 (nobody
knows why this is so). To make a mount point type
or whatever you prefer as your mount point. Now you can
mount the disk by typing
mount -t vfat /dev/hdc4 /mnt/clik
You should now be able to list the contents of the disk with
ls -l /mnt/clik
Copying files etc should now all work too.
You should probably put the following line in /etc/fstab
vfat noauto, user 0 0
If you are using KDE you can download a
mount/unmount icon to put on your
desktop. I have been sent a couple of icon files for
GNOME, a PNG
and an XPM. Thanks to Josh Jones and Giuseppe Castagna
Just like floppy disks there is no hardware protection against removing
a disk without unmounting it.Â IF YOU DO THIS YOU WILL PROBABLY LOSE
before removing a disk. Another way to handle DOS/Win disks is to use
the mtools package (type man mtools to find out more)
Caveats, Disclaimers, things to be aware of
things to be aware of
The patches to the driver are free software, covered by the GPL.
Use of this software may well void your warranty with IOMEGA. Certainly I
make no claims about the perfomance of this software other than that it works
for me. Use at your own risk.
Having said that I will be happy to accept
comments from users of this
Everything seems to work fine. As of 2.2.17b you no longer need to leave
the disk in the drive
I did not notice any real change in battery life by having the drive
inserted, even with a disk mounted. The power saving circuitry in the
drive seems to work fine.
FIXED from 2.2.17b Booting, Returning from
hibernation or standby with the drive in but no disk gives a problem for
now. The way to fix it is to do a cardctl eject n where n is
the PCMCIA slot your card is in, insert a disk, then do a cardctl insert n
to have the system recognise the disk. The same thing happens when you
insert the card without a disk inside.
Toshiba Libretto 100/110 CT
The drive only works in slot 0, the bottom PCMCIA slot. I guess this is
something to do with the Cardbus stuff in slot 1.
Things to do
- Get IOMEGA to start claiming Linux support – a “Cool – it works with
Linux” sticker would be nice.
I feel like I’m standing on the shoulders of giants. This would
not have been possible without the excellent (and readable) code from Andre
Hedrick (the Linux IDE Guy) and Gadi Oxman (the former Linux IDE Floppy
guy). Thanks also go to Grant Stockly, a FreeBSD guy who got the parallel port version
of the Clik! working under *BSD and gave me the confidence to buy my drive, and
Avi Freedman and Jeff Clement who were brave enough to test Alpha version
drivers from a guy they’d never met.
Thanks also to all the people who
emailed me saying that it worked for them.
The IDE-Floppy Driver Documentation for Linux
Who am I and what is this all about?
My name is Paul Bristow and I am/was (no new ATAPI devices for a while now) the maintainer of the ide-floppy driver for the linux kernel. Please note that for me, this is very much a part-time effort and often I am travelling so it may sometimes be a few days before you get a response. My portable linux development system is the reason I got into this driver stuff – the Clik! drive didn’t work when I got it. If you want to know more about me click on the “about me” link at the top of this page.
You will find the up to date version of this document at http://paulbristow.net/linux/idefloppy.html
Here you will find documentation about the ide-floppy driver in the linux kernel. Not much at the moment, but hang in there. This driver does not deal with USB drives, parallel port drives or SCSI drives, only ATAPI drives that plug in to your IDE controller.
Not a lot. There are no recent new ATAPI floppy devices.
Kernels 2.2.18 and up, 2.4.9 and up, and all useable 2.6.x versions include click! support.
Which drives does it support?
- Iomega ATAPI ZIP 100/250
- ATAPI LS-120 & 240 SuperDisk
- PCMCIA Iomega Clik!/PocketZip – see my Clik!/PocketZip mini-HOWTO
Note to manufacturers – if you have a new device and it works please let me know. Likewise if it doesn’t work feel free to contact me for advice.
Frequently Asked Questions
I can’t mount a ZIP/Clik!/PocketZip disk
the syntax for mounting a windows-formatted (or new) Zip disk is
mount -t vfat /dev/hdc4 /mnt/zip
where hdc is the device your drive is found as,
and /mnt/zip is where you normally mount zip disks
the 4 above is really important as ZIP disks are formatted as partition 4.
I can’t mount an LS-120 disk
the syntax for mounting a windows-formatted (or new) LS-120 disk is
mount -t vfat /dev/hdc /mnt/floppy
where hdc is the device your drive is found as, and /mnt/floppy is where you normally mount ls120 disks. Note that superdisks use the entire device by default and not a partition (unlike Zip drives above).
Using a CD-RW and an IDE Floppy device simultaneously
I have seen in some newsgroups the advice that you simply cannot run an ide-floppy device and the ide-scsi emulation needed to make CD-RW drives writeable at the same time. This is not (generally) true. What you need to do depends on your booting method, but basically, in either /etc/lilo.conf or /boot/grub/menu.lst where you append the line
add the command
I can’t compile your ide-floppy.c files
If you are running a kernel from 2.2.14 to 2.2.17 that was supplied from your distribution (RedHat, Slackware etc) and you get lots of errors when you run make compiling ide-floppy.c, you need to find the line in ide-floppy.c that says
and change it to
or vice versa.
Why do I need an updated version?
Most people don’t. Only if you have hardware for which support is under development do you need to download any source code. Currently the only drive which I know some people need new code is the Iomega Clik! drive
How Can I Help?
Contrary to popular belief, you don’t have to be an expert programmer to help make Linux better. One of the things that I can’t do is to test the ide-floppy driver in lots of different hardware configurations, but you can! Telling me of things that do or don’t work can really help. As I learn what sort of things people have problems with I can create documentation that is actually useful.
On the other hand, if you already have some documentation for the ide-floppy driver, and don’t mind it being incorporated in an official HOWTO, with credits, then feel free to send it to me.